Category: Hardwood Flooring Refinishing

Refinishing Your Hardwood Floors

Refinishing or resurfacing hardwood floors is an affordable way to restore the beauty of old or damaged hardwood flooring. The standard finish is a low-VOC polyurethane.

hardwood floor refinishing

During the refinishing process, it is essential to clear all areas of your home and office for dust and debris. This is especially true if you have children and pets. Contact Hardwood Floor Refinishing Bergen County NJ for professional help.

Before applying any finish to your hardwood floors, they must be sanded. This process involves using a large drum sander to remove the top layers of finish and expose raw wood. During this phase, it is important to wear protective gear and have plenty of ventilation because wood dust can be toxic. A respirator and eye protection are recommended.

After the sanding, the floor should be thoroughly vacuumed and swept to remove any dust or debris that has been left behind. This step is very important, as it will ensure that the new finish adheres to the floor properly. It is also important to check the floor for squeaks, creeks, or loose boards. It is also helpful to remove any shoe base molding.

When the sanding is complete, a second pass should be made with an 80-grit screen on the buffer to smooth the floor and get rid of any scratches left behind from the first sanding. Once again, be sure to follow the grain and use a slow pace. It is a good idea to wet the floor after this second pass, as it helps to bring up all of the wood fibers and makes for a more even surface.

If you have any deep gashes or dings in the wood, these can be filled with wood putty after they are sanded with medium-grade sandpaper. Be sure to sand the corners and edges of the boards to avoid splintering.

Once the floors are completely dry, they can be stained. There are many different types of stains available, but oil-based stain is the best option for hardwood floors. It dries at a slower rate than water-based stain, which allows you to touch up any mistakes with your lambswool applicator before it dries.

Once the stain is dried, it can be covered with a varnish, which protects and beautifies your wood floor. There are several options for floor finishes, but the best choice is an oil-based polyurethane. These finish products are durable and easy to clean. They also look beautiful and last for years.


Wood floors endure a lot of wear and tear, including dirt and scratches. Major damage may require sanding and staining to make the surface new again, but regular maintenance can minimize that. Vacuum regularly to remove abrasive dirt and debris, keep furniture on risers or use area rugs in high-traffic areas, wipe up spills immediately, and avoid dragging heavy furniture across the floor.

Wood stains come in both oil-based and water-based formulas, and both are used to add color and protect the hardwood floor. For the best results, always use products designed for flooring. Avoid using household cleaners, as they can be harsh on wood and leave a sticky residue. Instead, combine 1/4 cup of a multi-surface cleaner like Pine-Sol with a gallon of water and mop the floor. Never use abrasive scrub brushes or cleaning products with abrasives, which can scratch the surface.

Sweep or vacuum the floors regularly with a hard floor attachment to remove loose dirt and dust. Don’t use a beater bar attachment on wood, since it can scratch the surface. Mop the floors with a wood cleaner and hot water. Avoid swapping in wood polish, gels or sprays, which can leave a film on the floors and take days or weeks to wipe off.

If you spot a stubborn scuff mark on your hardwood floor, rub it with No. 000 steel wool and floor wax. If the stain goes deeper, lightly sand the floor and clean with odorless mineral spirits.

The most effective way to keep wood floors looking great is to prevent them from getting dirty in the first place, says Good Housekeeping Institute Director Carolyn Forte. Try to maintain a no-shoe policy in the home, and set up doorway mats inside and out of all exterior doors, along with area rugs in high-traffic areas. Keep a cloth or towel handy by the door to quickly mop up any spills or wet spots as soon as they occur.

Felt pads placed under chair and table legs can help prevent scratching, as can placing protective mats under pet food and water bowls and houseplants. Avoid dragging or pushing furniture over the floors, and always lift up any chairs and tables when moving them.


Aside from the obvious aesthetics benefits of staining hardwood floors, it can also help accentuate the natural look of the wood and make the floor feel warmer and cozier. If you choose to go this route, be sure to pick a color that matches your décor and doesn’t clash with any other elements in the room. If you’re unsure of what color to go for, consult with a professional flooring expert who is an NWFA (National Wood Flooring Association) certified flooring contractor. These professionals underwent an extensive testing process in order to earn their credentials, so you can trust that they’ll give you the best advice.

Staining isn’t without its drawbacks, however. For example, if the hardwood isn’t properly sanded before it’s stained, any flaws or imperfections will be highlighted rather than concealed. Additionally, staining can be a very time-consuming and messy task. Finally, if the incorrect stain is used or the floor isn’t sealed with a compatible material, the results can be disastrous.

When it comes to staining, you should always follow the manufacturer’s guidelines carefully. For instance, you’ll need to prep the floor by sweeping it clean and vacuuming it between sands. Additionally, you’ll need to use a stain control product to fill the pores of the wood and reduce the chances of blotching.

Once the stain has been applied, it’s important to let it dry/cure properly. This may take up to 72 hours depending on humidity and other factors. Once the stain is fully cured, you can apply the finish that’s compatible with it.

Another important thing to remember is that different species of wood react differently to stains. For instance, oak floors are very porous and will absorb stains differently than other types of wood. This is why it’s crucial to test a sample spot on your floor before moving forward with the rest of the project.

Although refinishing your hardwood floors can be a daunting task, it’s one that many homeowners are able to successfully complete themselves. With some careful planning, the right products and tools, and a lot of patience, you can achieve a hardwood floor that’s both beautiful and in great condition.


Refinishing your hardwood floors will require you to sand down the wood and remove the old finish. You will need to have a large drum sander and plenty of space to work, as well as the proper safety equipment. It is a messy process and can be very time consuming, but it is essential to get the job done correctly in order to protect your investment. After sanding, it is important to clean the boards thoroughly and allow them to dry completely before applying a new coat of finish.

Staining your hardwood floors will give them the color you want and enhance the grain of the wood. It is recommended to use an oil-based stain with a tinting base, as it will allow you to control the intensity of the color. After the stain is applied, it will need to dry completely before applying a polyurethane finish. It is also recommended to use a low-VOC (volatile organic compound) finish, as this will help prevent the formation of harmful fumes.

Applying the final finish to your hardwood floors will make them stronger and more resistant to scuffs, scratches, water damage, and other stains. You will need to use a high-quality polyurethane with a low-VOC content and allow the finished to dry completely before moving furniture back into the room.

The decision to refinish your hardwood floors or hire a professional contractor depends on your comfort level, skills, and time. Refinishing is a labor-intensive task that requires attention to detail and the proper tools, so hiring a professional may be the best option if you aren’t comfortable doing it yourself. On the other hand, resealing is a simpler process that many homeowners feel comfortable doing themselves.

Having hardwood floors is a beautiful addition to any home and can increase the value of your property. If you are looking to update the look of your flooring, refinishing your hardwood floors is an affordable and effective option. With a little patience and careful planning, you can have a stunning new look for your home in less than a week!